The Performance Of Haj
All the arrangements for the hajees transport in Makkah, Madinah, Aziziya and during the Haj days Dhil Hijja 8th to 12th is totally managed by the Moallims, who work under the Saudi Government. For the services provided by the Moallim for the transports and during the haj days Millath Haj Service pays the entire charges for each hajee. Millath Haj Service is not responsible for any inconvenience caused by the services provided by the Moallim.
Remember, Hajj requires more of etiquette because a pilgrim has to spend six days in the company of an international assembly of people. Spirit of camaraderie and fraternity must be nurtured.
It is out of the mercy of Allah that we are able to live long enough to witness the succession of the days and months, which bring the various seasons of mercy. Through such seasons, we can gain abundance of rewards. The Hajj season is one such blessed occasion. There are two types of people who witness this season: those who have not made the intention to perform the pilgrimage and those who have.
It is incumbent upon every Muslim who is capable of performing Hajj to make the intention to go. It is therefore wise to fulfill the duty of performing Hajj at the first available opportunity. This is why the Prophet (pbuh) advised: ´Hasten to (perform) Hajj for one of you does not know what impediment might come in his way´ (Ahmad)
It is indeed, a serious neglect of our duty if we keep postponing the performance of Hajj.
1. Ihram at Meeqat.
2. a. Two Rakats Nafil and Niyah (Declaration of Intention) and Talbiyah must be performed for Hajj and Umrah combined (Qiran) or
b. Two Rakats Nafil and Niyah and Talbiyah must be performed for Umrah only (Tamattu) or
c. Two Rakat Nafil and Niyah and Talbiyah must be performed for Hajj only (Ifraad).
3. Tawaf Qudoom in Makkah (Arrival Tawaf).
4. Two Rakats Nafil / Drink Zamzam.
5. Sai´e (running between Safa and Marwah)
. For Qiran maintain Ihram until Hajj.
a. For Tamathu one can come out of Ihram.
6. Ihram from Makkah
. For those residing in Makkah, Ihram is from place of residence.
7. Two Rakats Nafil and Niyah for Hajj and Talbiyah.
8. Arrival in Mina before Zuhr, Asar, Maghrib and Isha prayers and Fajr Prayers of 9th Dhul Hijjah.
9. After Fajr prayer, arrival at Arafat.
10. Zuhr, Asr shortened and combined in Nimra Mosque or wherever the tents have been put up in the camps.
11. Standing at Arafat, after sunset, departure to Muzdalifah without performing Maghrib prayers at Arafat.
12. Arrival at Muzdalifah, delayed Maghrib and Isha prayers with one Azan and two Iqamats combined. (Isha shortened).
13. Collect pebbles for Rami of jamra. Pebbles may also be collected in Mina.
14. Arrival at Mina after performing Fajr prayer in Muzdalifah.
15. Lapidation or Rami (casting stone) at Jamra Aqaba (Big Satan) before sun is past meridian.
16. Sacrifice animal. One lamb or sheep per person. Camel and cow can be shared by 7 persons.
17. Haircut or tonsuring of head.
18. Come out of Ihram.
19. Tawaf Ifadah/ Ziarah.
20. Lapidation (casting stones) at all the Three Jamarat after the sun is past meridian (seven pebbles at each jamra)
21. Stay in Mina
22. Lapidation (casting stones) to be repeated as the previous day.
23. Leave Mina before sunset, perform Tawaf Ifadah if not performed yet.
24. If sun sets in Mina, stay there and do lapidation as on the previous two days after the sun is past meridian, leave Mina for home.
25. Tawaf Wida (Farewell Tawaf) when leaving Makkah for Madinah or home country.
Pilgrims are also recommended to repeat the traditional phrase declaring that they are responding to Allah´s call for them to offer the pilgrimage and complete it. They repeat these phrases as they go into Ihram. Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaik Laa Shareeka Laka Labbaik Innal Hamda Wannimata laka walmulk Laas Shareeka Lak. ´´I respond to your call my Lord, I respond to you, there is not deity save you. All praise, grace and dominion belong to you. You have not partners´´. Men should utter this aloud while women should say it silently. Repeat this Talbiyyah frequently, and engage in the praise of Allah, in supplication for forgiveness and in the enjoining of what is good and the forbidding of what is evil.
There are four essentials of pilgrimage which must be done for it to be valid. Omitting anyone of these will invalidate one´s pilgrimage. These are:
2. Attendance at Arafat at the specified time
3. The Tawaf of ifaadah and
4. Sa´ie between Safah and Marwah
5. A fifth essential is added by Shafie school of thought, which is to shave one´s head (for men only) or to shorten one´s hair.
In the state of Ihram the following acts are forbidden.
1. To cut or shave the hairs of head or body, till the sacrifice of animals is completed.
2. To cut the nails.
3. To wear stitched clothes (for men only)
4. To wear turban or cap or anything which covers the heads (for men only).
5. To wear shoes or socks above the ankle.
6. To cover the face
7. To hunt animals.
8. To fight or quarrel.
9. To have sex
a. It is obligatory for women to cover the head.
b. Stitched cloth is allowed.
c. Any colour dress is allowed.
Bukhari and Ahmed have reported that the Prophet (Pbuh) said: ´´A pilgrim woman must neither cover her face nor wear gloves´´. This proves that a woman in the state of Ihram should not cover her face and hands.
It is reported by Hazrath Aishah that once on a Hajj Pilgrimage when she experienced the monthly period the holy Prophet (Pbuh) noticing her inconvenience said: ´´There is not need to cry. This is something that Allah has made as a natural occurrence for daughters of Adam (pbuh), meaning all women´´. Most scholars are of the opinion that purification is not necessary for performing Sa´I between Safa and Marwah, in the light of what the holy Prophet said to ´Aishah once when she menstruated. He told her. ´´You may perform all rites (of Hajj) as other pilgrims do, except performing tawaf around the Ka´bah which you may do after you are clean and no longer menstruating´´. ´Aishah and Umme Salamah said: ´A woman who performs the tawaf, offers to rak´ah prayer (by the Station of Ibrahim), and then finds that her period has started, may perform Sa´i between Safa and Marwah. ´´It is preferable, however, to various rites of Hajj or Umrah, because cleanliness is commendable in Islam.
The following acts are prohibited during the state of Ihram:
Sexual intercourse as well as al sex-play and acts and talks of romance. Quarrelling and fighting.
The Performance of Umrah
1. When you reached the prescribed Station of ihram (al-miqat), make ghusl (a shower or fall washing of the whole body), and then put on the tow-piece garment of ihram (izar and ride), which preferably should be of white cloth. This applies to men only. A women also makes ghusl but she does not use makeup, and she may wear any clothes she has available as long as they do not display her adornments. She should be completely covered except of her face and hands. Then make your intention to perform Umra by saying: "Labbayka Umra" or: "Labbayka Allahumma Umra", as follows:
Labbayka Allahumma Labbayk. Labbayka La Shareeka Laka Labbayk. Innal-hamda wan-n'imata Laka Wal-mulk La Shareeka Lak" (Here I am at your service. O Lord, here I am. Here I am. No partner do you have. Here I am, Truly, the praise and the favour is yours, and the dominion. No partner do you have.)
Men should utter this aloud while women should say it silently. Repeat this talbiyyah frequently, and engage in the praise of Allah, in supplications for forgiveness, and in the enjoining of what is good and forbidding what is evil.
1. During the state of ihram for Haj or Umra, the following are obligatory:
2. To faithfully observe all that Allah has made obligatory, such as the daily prayers at their proper times.
3. To avoid what Allah has prohibited, such as wrong-doing, quarrelling and committing sins.
4. To guard against injuring the Muslims by deed or by word.
1. To abstain from what is prohibited during ihram, namely: Do not cut your nails or pull out hair. There is no blame on you if these break or come off by themselves without your intending it.
2. Do not use scent, whether on the clothes or on the body, or in food or drink. There is no harm if the effect of scent applied before putting on ihram remains.
3. Do no kill, frighten or assist in hunting any land game as long as you are in ihram.
4. Within the precincts of Al-Haram, no one, in the state of ihram or not, is allowed to cut trees, pluck vegetables or collect a lost property except for the sake of identifying it for its owner. For the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said so.
5. Do not propose to a woman or contract marriage either for yourself or on behalf of others. Sexual intercourse is prohibited too, so is touching the apposite sex with desire. All these actions are prohibited during the period of ihram.
All these prohibitions apply equally to men and women alike. In Particular:
"A'udhu billahi-l-'adheem wa wajhihi-l-kareem wa sultaanihi-l-qadeem min-ashaytaani-rrajeem; bismillah, Allahumma Salli 'ala Mohammed wa 'aalihi wa sallim; Allahumma ighfir lee dhnubi w-aftah lee abwaaba rahmatik."
(I seek refugee in Allah the Almighty and His noble countenance and His eternal power from Satan. In the name of Allah. O Allah, bestow Your peace and blessings on Mohammed and his family. O Allah, pardon my sins and open the gates of Your mercy for me.)
The above supplication is not specific to entering the Holy Mosque in Makkah but can be said on entering all mosques. Upon entering the Holy Mosque, the pilgrim looks at the Holy Ka'bah and rising his arms in supplication, he/she says:
"Allahumma zid hadha-l-bayta tashreefan wa ta'dheeman wa takreeman wa mahaabatan, wa zid min sharafihi wa karamihi mimman hajahu aw i'tamarahu tashreefan wa ta'dheeman wa takreeman wa birran"
(God Almighty, bestow more honour, glory, respect and awe on this House; bestow more honour and respect on whoever comes to it in Haj or Umra out of honour, respect, glory and devotion."
Next, The pilgrim makes seven circuits around the Ka'bah, beginning at the Black Stone with takbir (utterances of "Allahu Akbar"), keeping the Holy Ka'bah to his/her left, and ending each at the same place . While making your tawaf you may praise Allah and make supplications to Him in any words you please. It is preferable to end each with the words.
"Rabbana, atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina adhaban-nar."
"Rabbana, atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina adhaban-nar." (Our Lord, give us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and save us from the punishment of the fire.) The first three laps around the Ka'bah should be performed in hurried steps if it does not result in any harm or inconvenience to one's self or to others. For the remaining four laps around the Ka'bah the pilgrim should walk. After completing the tawaf, the pilgrim should pray two rak'as behind the Station of Ibraheem (Maqam Ibraheem) if it is possible, even though you may be a little far from it. Otherwise at any other place within the Sacred Mosque.
3. You then go to as-Safa and climb on it. Facing the K'abah, praise Allah, raising your hands, say takbir ("Allahu Akbar") three times. Then make supplication to Allah, repeating your supplication three times as this is the Sunnah. Then say:
"La ilaha illal-lah, wahdahu la shareeka lah." "Lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa 'ala kulli shayin qadeer." "La ilaha illal-lah, wahdahu, anjaza wadehu wa nasara abdahu wa hazama al ahzab wahdahu." (There is no deity except Allah, The One without a partner. He is the dominion and his is the praise, and He is powerful over everything. There is no deity except Allah, completed His promise, supported His slave and defeated the parties Alone.)
It is preferable to utter this supplication three times, but there is no harm in saying it less than three times. You then descend from as-Safa and do the sa'ye of the Umra seven times. Increase your pace between the green posts, but walk at a normal pace before and after them. When you climb on the Marwah, praise Allah and do as you did at as-Safa, repeating your supplications, if you can conveniently do so, three times. There are no required formulas or supplications for tawaf and sa'ye. It is up to the worshipper to praise Allah or supplicate Him in his own words, or he may recite portions of the Qur'an, with due regard to the supplications which the Prophet (peace be on him) recited during the performance of these rites.
4. After sa'ye, end your Umra by shaving or shortening your hair. After this, the prohibitions pertaining to the state of ihram are lifted and you may now resume your normal life.
Visitation of the Prophet's Mosque
Going to Madinah at any time with the intention of visiting the Prophet' Mosque is a Sunnah, as is performing salah in it. According to the Hadith of the Prophet (may peace and blessings of Allah be on him), a salah performed in the Prophet's Mosque is better than a thousand salats in any other place except the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) in Makkah.
2. There is no Ihram nor talbiyyah for the visit to the Prophet's Mosque, and it should be emphasized that there is no connection whatsoever between this visit and the Haj.
3. When you enter the Prophet's Mosque, enter with your right foot first, saying the name of Allah the Most High, and evoking blessings on His Prophet (may his peace and blessings be on him), and ask Allah to open the gates of his mercy for you. The recommended words for entering any mosque, including the Prophet's Mosque, are:
"A'udu billahil-adheem wa wajhi hil-kareem wa sultanihil-qadeem mina-shaytani-rajeem. Allah-humma, iftah li abwaba rahmattek." (I seek refuge in Allah the Al-mighty, and in His noble countenance and in His eternal power, from Satan the Rejected. O Allah, open to me the doors of Your mercy.)
4. Perform two rak'as of tahiyyat al-masjid (the salat of "greeting of the mosque") after entering the Mosque, preferably in the Rawdah or otherwise anywhere else in the Mosque.
5. Then go to the grave of the Prophet (may peace and blessings of Allah be on him), and standing in front of it and facing it, say in a respectful and hushed voice:
"Assalmu 'alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyya wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu" (Peace be on him, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah).
There is no harm if you add:"Allahumma, atihil-waseelata wal-fadeelata wab-'athul-maqamal-mahmoudal-ladhee wa-adtahu. Allahumma, ajzih 'an ummatihi afdala-jaza'." (O Lord, give him the right (of intercession) and the favour, and raise him to the praiseworthy station which you promised to him. Allah, reward him on behalf of his ummah (people) with the best of rewards.)
Then move a little to the right to stand before the grave of Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him and supplicate Allah to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him. Again move a little to the right to stand before the grave of Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him.
6. It is Sunnah to have tahara, and visit the Mosque of Quba and offer salat in it, as the Prophet (peace be in him) prayed there and encouraged others to do the same.
7. It is Sunnah to visit the graves of al-Baqe'e cemetery, and the grave of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) and the martyrs of Uhod, and the grave of Hamzah (may Allah be pleased with them); to greet them and to pray for the mercy of Allah upon them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to visit all these graves and pray for the souls of those who were buried there. He taught his companions when visiting graves to say:
"Assalamu 'alaikum, ahlal-diyar minal-mu'mineen wal-muslimeen, wa inna insha-Allah bikum lahi-qoon. Nasalal-laha lana wa lakumul-'afiyah."
(Reported by Muslim) (Peace be on him, O dwellers of this place from among the Believers and the Muslims, and we will Insha-Allah join you. We ask Allah for security (from the Fire of Hell) for ourselves and for you)
According to the Shari'ah besides the mosques and other places mentioned above, there are no other mosques or places in Madinah which are to be visited. Therefore, do not burden yourself by visiting places for which there is no reward or for which, in fact, there might be some blame for doing so. And Allah is the source of guidance.
Errors Often Committed by Pilgrims
First: Errors Related to IhramSome pilgrims pass the designated Station of Ihram on their route without being in Ihram or entering into Ihram there, proceeding until they reach Jeddah or some other places within the precincts of the stations, at which they enter into Ihram, This is against the command of Allah's Messenger (peace be on him), which stipulates that every pilgrim should enter into Ihram at the Station of Ihram which lies on his route. If this happens to someone, he must either go back to the Station of Ihram lying on his route and there enter into Ihram, or he must make expiation by sacrificing a sheep in Makkah and feeding all its meat to the poor. This applies to all pilgrims regardless of whether one passes the Station of Ihram by air, by sea or by land. If one did not pass through one of the five designated Stations of Ihram, he should enter into Ihram at a point which nearest to the Station of Ihram on his route.
Second: Errors Related to tawaf1. Starting the tawaf at some point other than the site of the Black Stone, while it is obligatory to begin tawaf from the Black Stone.
2. Doing one's tawaf inside the Hijr of Isma'il is a part of the K'abah which would then be left out of tawaf. Such a tawaf is invalid.
3. Doing ramal (i.e., taking quick short steps) during all seven circuits while ramal is to be done only during the first three of the tawaf of arrival (tawaf al-qudum).
4. Struggling vehemently to kiss the Black Stone in this process and hitting or pushing people. Such acts, which are injurious to Muslims, are not permissible. It should be noted that the tawaf remains perfectly valid without kissing the Black Stone. If one does not or cannot kiss the Black Stone, it is sufficient simply to point to it, saying "Allahu Akbar" when one comes parallel to it, although one may be at a distance from it.
5. Wiping one's hand over the Black Stone, seeking barakah (blessings) thereby is a bid'a (innovation) with no basis in the Shari'ah of Islam. The Sunnah is to touch it or kiss it only when it can be done easily.
6. Touching the four corners of K'abah or its walls, and wiping one's hand against them. The Prophet (peace be on him) did not touch any part of K'abah except the Black Stone and the Yamani Corner.
7. Saying specific formulas of supplications reserved for each circuit. The Prophet (peace be on him) did not specify any supplications except "Allahu Akbar" when he reached the Black Stone and, at the end of each circuit between the Yamani Corner and the Black Stone, he said:
"Rabbana, atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina adhaban-nar." (Our Lord, give us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and save us from the punishment of the fire.)
8. Raising one's voice above the voices of others; whether in following or leading the tawaf as it causes confusion among the worshippers.
9. Struggling to pray at the Station of Ibraheem. This is contrary to the Sunnah, besides being injurious to other worshippers. It is sufficient to pray the two rak'as of tawaf after completing one's tawaf anywhere within the Sacred Mosque.
Third: Errors Related to Sa'ye1. When climbing upon Safa and Marwah, some pilgrims face the K'abah and gesticulate toward it with their hand while saying "Allahu Akbar" as if they were saying takbir for salat. This gesticulating is an error because the Prophet (peace be on him) raised his palms only for supplication. Here you may glorify and magnify Allah the Most High, supplicating Him in any words you wish while facing the direction of the K'abah. It is preferable to recite the dhikr which the Prophet (peace be on him) recited at Safa and Marwah.
2. Accelerating one's pace throughout the entire distance between the two hills. The Sunnah is to Accelerate one's pace only between the two green posts, while walking at normal pace the remainder of the way.
Fourth: Errors Related to Arafat1. Some pilgrims camp outside the boundaries of Arafat and remain there until the sun has set; then they depart for Muzdalifah without standing at Arafat properly. This is a serious error which invalidates their Haj since standing in Arafat is the essence of Haj, and it is obligatory to be within its boundaries and not outside them, if it is not easy to do that, they may enter before sunset and remain their until sunset. It is quite acceptable to stand in Arafat during the night of sacrifice in particular.
2. Departing from Arafat before the sun has set is not permissible, because the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) stayed at Arafat until the sun had set completely. Struggling through crowds in order to climb mount Arafat is not permissible, because it causes much harm and injury to others. The entire Plain of Arafat is a place of standing, and neither climbing mount Arafat nor making salah there has been recommended.
3. Making supplications facing Mount Arafat is incorrect because the Sunnah is to face qiblah while making supplication. Making heaps of earth or pebbles: during the day of Arafat, at particular places, by some people, has no bases in the Shari'ah of Allah.
Fifth: Errors Related to MuzdalifahSome pilgrims start collecting pebbles to throw at the Stone Pillars in Mina as soon as they arrive in Muzdalifah prior to praying the Maghrib and 'Isha prayers. This is not correct. Nor is the practice that all pebbles must be collected at Muzdalifah. The correct position is that the pebbles can be collected anywhere within the boundaries of al-Haram.
It is known that the Prophet (peace be on him) did not ask that the pebbles for Jamaratul-Aqabah be picked for him from Muzdalifah. They were picked up for him, in the morning, after leaving Muzdalifah and on entering Mina. The rest of the pebbles were picked up, for him, from Mina, too. Some pilgrims wash the pebbles, but this is not recommended.
Sixth: Errors Related to Throwing the Pebbles1. Some pilgrims are under the impression that when they are throwing pebbles at the Stone Pillars, they are actually throwing them at Shayateen (devils); hence they hurl them with rage and force. However, the throwing of the pebbles has been merely prescribed as a means of remembering Allah the Most High.
2. Some people throw big stones, shoes or pieces of wood. This is an excess in matters of religion which the Prophet (peace be on him) prohibited, what is allowed is to throw pebbles the size of good beans.
3. Crowding and fighting with others at the Pillars while throwing the pebbles is not permissible. What is prescribed is to be gentle and to throw the pebbles without hurting anyone as much as possible.
4. Throwing all the pebbles at one time is an error. Scholars have said that this would be counted as only one throw. The Shari'ah prescribes throwing the pebbles one by one, saying "Allahu Akbar" to each separate throw.
5. Appointing a proxy to throw the pebbles, simply due to fear of the crowds or of hardship, while one is capable of doing it himself. Only sick or weak individuals are permitted to have a proxy for this act.
Seventh: Errors Related to the Farewell tawaf (tawaf al-Wida)1. On the day of the pilgrims departure, some of them go to Makkah to perform their farewell tawaf before throwing the pebbles at the Pillars, then they return to Mina to throw the pebbles, and depart from Mina for their respective countries. Thus their final rite becomes that of throwing the pebbles at the Pillars and not of the tawaf of K'abah. This is an error as the Prophet (peace be on him) said. "No one should depart without his last visit being to the House (K'abah)". Accordingly, the farewell tawaf must take place after one has completed all rites of Haj (and before starting his journey for home). After this tawaf one should not stay in Makkah except during the time it takes to prepare to depart.
2. After finishing the farewell tawaf, some people walk backwards, facing the K'abah, as they exit from the sacred Mosque, under the impression that this is a veneration of the K'abah. This act is an innovation in the religion and is without any basis.
3. After finishing the farewell tawaf, Some pilgrims halt at the door of the Sacred Mosque to make supplications. This is also an innovation with no basis in the Shari'ah of Islam.
Eighth: Errors Related to the visit of the Prophet Mosque1. Touching and wiping one's hands on the walls and iron grilles, tying threads to the gratings, and other acts of this sort while visiting the grave of the Prophet (may peace and blessings of Allah be on him) in order to receive barakah (blessings) are an innovation. Blessings come from following what Allah and his Messenger (peace be on him) have prescribed, and not from following innovations.
2. Going to the caves of Mount Uhud or to the caves of Hira or Thaur near Makkah and hanging pieces of cloth or making supplications there have not been prescribed by Allah. All these are unnecessary hardships, innovations in the religion, and are without any basis in the Shari'ah.
3. Likewise, visiting certain sites under the impression that these constitute "relics" of the Prophet (peace be on him), as for example the place where his camel sat, the Well of Uthman or the Well of the Ring, and gathering soil from these places to obtain blessings are all innovations.
4. Calling upon the dead while visiting the graves at the Baqi'e Cemetery or the graves of the martyrs of Uhud, and throwing coins in order to seek the blessings of the place or of the people buried there, is a grievous error. Indeed, it is Shirk (ascribing partners to Allah the Most High), as has been pointed out by scholars. It is clear from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (Peace be on him) that all forms of worship are for Allah alone. It is not permissible to call upon, or to offer sacrifice, or any other form of Ibadah (worship) except for Allah alone.
We ask Allah, the Most High, to improve the conditions of the Muslims and to give them understanding of the religion, and to turn all of us away from errors and deviations. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the responding.
What is Required of the Pilgrims
Third: Errors Related to Sa'ye1. To repent sincerely of all sins, and to spend on the Haj or Umra out of his lawful earning.
2. To guard one's tongue from lying, backbiting and slandering.
3. To purify the intention to perform Haj or Umra solely to seek the pleasure of Allah the Most High.
4. To learn what actions are prescribed by the Shari'ah, and in the event of any difficulty or problem to ask those who know.
5. When the pilgrim arrives at al-miqat (Station of Ihram), he is free to choose one of the three types of Haj (Ifrad, Tamatt'u or Qiran). Tamatt'u is preferable for a person who has not brought his sacrificial animal with him, while Qiran is preferable for one has his animal with him.
6. If the person entering Ihram is afraid he may be not able to complete all the rites because of sickness or fear, he should make the condition: "I will return to the normal state in case I am obliged to".
7. The Haj of children is valid, but it does not fulfil their Islamic obligation of Haj.
8. During the state of Ihram, one may take bath or wash his head or scratch it if need be. A woman may veil her face with her head covering if she fears that men are looking at her.
9. Many women wear a headband under the veil to keep it away from the face. This action has no basis.
10. It is permissible to wash the Ihram garments and to wear them again, or to change into other Ihram garments. If, during the state of Ihram, one should wear a sewn garment, cover his head, or use scent due to forgetfulness or ignorance, no expiation is required of him.
11. If one is performing Haj al-tamatt'u or Umra, he should stop reciting talbiyyah upon arriving at the K'abah before beginning his tawaf.
12. Walking with quick, short steps and baring the right shoulder is not permissible during tawaf except during the first three circuits of the tawaf of arrival (tawaf al-qudum). This applies to men only.
13. If the pilgrim forget how many circuits ha has performed, i.e., whether three or four , he should count them as three (that is the less of the two numbers). The same procedure is to be followed for sa'ye. In case of large crowds, there is no harm in performing the circuits beyond the Station of Ibraheem or even further beyond, as the whole of the Sacred Mosque in a place of tawaf.
14. It is prohibited for a woman to make tawaf showing her adornments, using perfume, or not covering properly what the Shari'ah requires her to be covered.
15. If a women's menses begins or she gives birth after entering into Ihram, it is not permissible for her to make tawaf until the flow of blood ceases and she is cleansed.
16. A woman may wear any dress for Ihram as long as it does not resemble men's clothing, show her adornments, or cause temptation to men.
17. To verbalize the intentions for acts of worship other than the Haj or Umra is an innovation, and to say it aloud is even more incorrect.
18. If a Muslim has the intention of making Haj or Umra, it is forbidden for him to pass by appointed Station of Ihram (al-miqat) without entering into Ihram.
19. If the pilgrim for Haj or Umra is arriving by air, he enters into Ihram on the plane when he passes parallel to the Station of Ihram on his route. He is to prepare himself for entering into Ihram during the flight before boarding the plane.
20. If one resides in Makkah, or between Makkah and the Station of Ihram, he does not need to go anywhere to take Ihram. In this case, he is to take his Ihram for either Haj or Umra at his place of residence.
21. In order to increase the number of their Umras, some people go to al-Tan'im or al-J'iranah after the Haj and subsequently return for Umra. No support for this practice exists in the Shari'ah.
22. The pilgrims who are performing Haj al-Tamatt'u re-enter Ihram on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah at the place in which he is staying in Makkah. It is not necessary for him to take Ihram from any specified place within Makkah (such as al-Mizab), as many people do, nor is there any farewell tawaf for going out of Makkah at this time.
23. It is preferable to go to Arafat from Mina on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah after the sun has risen.
24. It is not permissible to depart from Arafat on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah before the sun has set. When the pilgrim departs after sunset, he should do so with ease and dignity.
25. The Maghrib and 'Isha prayers are to be performed after arriving at Muzdalifah, whether at the time of Maghrib or during the period of 'Isha.
26. It is permissible to gather the pebbles for stoning the Pillars from any place within the boundaries of Makkah (al-Haram), not necessarily from Muzdalifah.
27. It is not recommended to wash the pebbles. No report exists to the effect that the Prophet (peace be on him) or his Companion ever did this.
28. It is permissible for women, children and weak individuals to proceed to Mina at the end of the night.
29. When the pilgrim arrives in Mina on the Day of 'Eid (the 10th Dhul-Hijjah), he should stop reciting talbiyyah. The pebbles are to be thrown successfully, one by one, at the Stone Pillar of 'Aqabah.
30. It is not required that the pebbles remain where they are thrown, it is only necessary that they be thrown at the Pillar.
31. According to the opinion of scholars, the period of sacrifice extends to the sunset of the third day.
32. Tawaf al-ifadah or al-ziarah on the day of 'Eid (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah) is an essential part of the Haj, and Haj is not complete without it. However, it is permissible to delay it until the end of the stay in Mina.
33. The person performing Haj al-Qiran offers one sa'ye only. The same is true in case of Haj al-Ifrad, if the person keeps his Ihram until the day of sacrifice.
34. On the Day of Sacrifice, it is preferable that the pilgrim do things in the following order: begins by throwing pebbles at the Pillar of 'Aqabah; then offers his sacrifice; then shaves or clips his hair, he then makes tawaf of the K'abah followed by sa'ye. Changing this order is, however permissible.
35. Returning to full normal state is attained after one has done the following: (a) thrown the pebbles at Pillar of 'Aqabah; (b) shaved his head or clipped some of his hair; (C) done tawaf al-ifadah with sa'ye.
36. If the pilgrim decides to shorten his stay in Mina, it is necessary that he departs from Mina before the sunset.
37. For a child who cannot do the throwing of pebbles, his guardian throws on his behalf after throwing his own pebbles.
38. A person who is not capable of going to the throwing due to old age, illness or pregnancy is permitted to appoint someone else (his proxy) to do the throwing on his or her behalf.
39. The proxy first throw his own pebbles and thereafter, without leaving the place, throws the pebbles on behalf of the person whom he represents at each of the three Pillars.
40. Except for the residents of the Sacred Mosque, It is obligatory on anyone who is doing Haj al-Tamatt'u or Haj al-Qiran to sacrifice a sheep or to share in the seventh part of a camel or a cow.
41. If the pilgrim is unable to make this sacrifice, he must fast three days during the Haj and seven days after returning home.
42. It is preferable that these three days of fasting be completed before the day of Arafat so that he is not fasting on that day, or otherwise that he fast on the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah.
43. It is permissible to fast these three days either consecutively or separately, and the same applies to the seven days of fasting at home.
44. The farewell tawaf (tawaf al-wida) is obligatory for every pilgrim excepting menstruation women .
45. To visit the Prophet Mosque in Madinah is a Sunnah, whether it is done before Haj or after it. When you enter the Prophet's Mosque, it is Sunnah to pray two rak'as of tahiyyat al-masjid (the salah of greeting the mosque). Although you can perform this salah anywhere in the Mosque, it is preferable to perform it in the Rawdah.
46. Visiting the graves of the Prophet (peace be on him) and others is allowed for males only, and not for females, so that they would not have to travel for such a visit. Rubbing and wiping one's hands against the walls of the chamber containing the prophet's tomb, kissing it or doing circuits around it are all innovations which are prohibited. Such things were not done by our upright ancestors. In particular, making tawaf around the chamber is shirk (ascribing partners to Allah).
47. It is also shirk to call upon the Prophet (peace be on him) for the fulfilment of a need or to remove a grief.
48. The Prophet's Life in his grave in the state of barzakh (the state of existence between death and resurrection on the Day of Judgment) and is in no way similar to his life on earth before his death. The nature and reality of the life of barzakh is known only to Allah the Most High.
49. People who stand in front of the Prophet's grave, raising their hands and making supplications, are doing something alien to Islam. This is an innovation in the religion. Visiting the grave of the Prophet (peace be on him) is neither obligatory nor a condition for the completion of the Haj, as some people believe.
Supplications which may be recited at Arafat, at the Sacred Sites, and at other Places of Supplication